A Short Selective Bibliography


Elections in Malta: 
Craig, James, "Malta: Mintoff's Election Victory," West European Politics 5, (1982), pp. 318-320

Felice Pace, Joe and Richard Felici Pace Who's Who in the House - 1921 - 2006(Malta: midseabooks, 2006), 258 pp.

Fenech, Dominic, "The 1987 Maltese Election: Between Europe and the Mediterranean," West European Politics 11 (1988), pp. 133-138

Gallagher, Michael, "The (Relatively) Victorious Incumbent under PR-STV: Legislative Turnover in Ireland and Malta," in: Bowler and Grofman (editors), Elections in Australia, Ireland and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution (U. of Michigan Press, 2000), pp. 81-113

Hirczy, Wolfgang, "Explaining Near-Universal Turnout: The Case of Malta," European Journal of Political Research 27 (1995), pp. 255-272

Hirczy de Miño, Wolfgang and John C. Lane, "STV in Malta: Some Surprises," Representation 34 (Winter 1996/97), pp. 21-28 [Available on the Web]

Hirczy de Miño, Wolfgang and John C. Lane, "Malta: STV in a Two-Party System," in: Bowler and Grofman (editors), op.cit., pp. 178-204

Howe, Stephen, "The Maltese General Election of 1987," Electoral Studies 6 (1987), pp. 235-247

Kopp, Manfred, "The Maltese Electoral System," in: Horst Reimann (ed.), Research on Malta: A German Perspective, pp. 66-105 (Augsburg, 1991)

Lane, John C., "Are Maltese Party Loyalties Waning? An Exploration of the Election Data," Bank of Valletta Review 10 (Autumn 1994) pp. 52-60 [Available on the Web]

Lane, John C., "The Election of Women Under Proportional Representation: The Case of Malta," Democratisation 2 (1995), pp. 140-157 [Available on the Web ]

Lane, John C., "A Survey of Elections in Malta, 1921 - 1998," in: Catherine Vella et al. (eds.), The Maltese Islands on the Move, pp. 207-222 (Central Office of Statistics Malta, 2000)

Proctor, J. H., "The Acceptance of Proportional Representation in Malta," Parliamentary Affairs 33 (1980), pp. 308-320

Sacco, Remig, L-Elezzjonijiet Generali, 1849 - 1986: Il-grajja politika u kostituzzjonali ta' Malta ( Malta: Klabb Kotba Matin, 1986) 282 pp.

Schiavone, Michael J. L-Elezzjonijiet f'Malta, 1849 - 1992: Storja, Fatti, Cifri (Malta: Stamperija Indipendenza, 1992) 726 pp.

Zanella, Remo, "The Maltese Electoral System and Its Distorting Effects," Electoral Studies 9 (1990), pp. 205-215


Electoral Systems and STV:
Bowler, Shaun and David Farrell, "Party Loyalties in Complex Settings: STV and Party Identification," Politicial Studies, 39 (1991),pp. 350-362

Bowler, Shaun and Bernard Grofman (editors), Elections in Australia, Ireland and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution (U. of Michigan Press, 2000)

Doron, Gideon and Richard Kronick, "Single Transferable Vote: An Example of a Perverse Social Choice Function," American Journal of Political Science 21 (1977), pp. 303-312

Farrell, David, Malcom Mackerras and Ian McAllister, "Designing Electoral Institutions: STV Systems and their Consequences," Political Studies, 44 (1996) pp. 24-43

Gallagher, Michael, "The Single Transferable Vote - An Assessment," Representation 34 (Winter 1996/97), pp. 2-6

Katz, Richard, "The Single Transferable Vote and Proportional Representation," in: Arend Lijphart and Bernard Grofman (eds.), Choosing an Electoral System (New York: 1984), pp. 135-145

Lakeman, Enid, How Democracies Vote (4th ed., London, 1974)

Lijphart, Arend, Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990 (Oxford U. Press, 1994)

Mair, Peter, "Districting Choices under the Single-Transferable-Vote," in: Bernard Grofman and Arend Lijphart (eds.), Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences (New York, 1986), pp. 289-307

Newland, Robert A. and Frank S. Britton, How to Conduct an Election By the Single Transferable Vote (London: Electoral Reform Society, 3rd edition, 1997) [available on the Web ]

Rae, Douglas, The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws (New Haven: Yale U. Press, 2nd edition, 1971)

Taagepera, Rein and Matthew Soberg Shugart, Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems (New Haven, Yale U. Press, 1989)

Tideman, Nicolaus, "The Single Transferable Vote," Journal of Economic Perspectives 9 (1995), pp. 27-38



Professor Douglas Amy's extensive bibliography on proportional representation can be accessed on the Web.


Maltese Political History:

Blouet, Brian, The Story of Malta (London: Faber and Faber, 1967)

Brodie, Edith, Malta's Road to Independence (U. of Oklahoma Press, 1967)

Cremona, J.J., The Maltese Constitution and Constitutional History since 1813 (Malta: PEG Ltd., 1994)

Frendo, Henry, Party Politics in a Fortress Colony: The Maltese Experience (Malta: Midsea Books, 1979)

Frendo, Henry, Malta's Quest for Independence (Malta: Valletta Publishing, 1989)

Frendo, Henry, The Origins of Maltese Statehood (Malta: Publishers Enterprises Group, 1999)

Kostner, Adrianus, Prelates and Politicians in Malta (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1984)

Mizzi, Edgar, Malta in the Making 1962 - 1987: An Eyewitness Account (Malta, 1995)

Pirotta, Joseph M., Fortress Colony: The Final Act 1945 - 1964 (Valletta: Studia Editions, 1991)


Official Sources of Electoral Data in Malta:

Very soon after each election the Electoral Commission publishes the results of the election by "Division" (i.e., election district) in a special issue of the Government Gazette. This will be in both English and Maltese, titled "Results of Poll: General Election [year]."

There will be subsequent publications in the Gazette, as needed, to report the results of so-called "casual elections" which are needed to fill vacancies caused by (a) candidates who had won two seats in the preceding general election and had to resign one of their won seats and (b) sitting members who resigned or died while in office.

These printed records are for sale, at a minimal price, after each election but they go out of print very quickly. Copies for past elections may be obtained, with sufficient ingenuity and patience, in some Maltese libraries.



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